The purpose of Title I, Part A of Public Law 107-110 is to enable schools to provide opportunities for children served to acquire the knowledge and skills contained in the challenging state content standards and to meet the challenging state performance standards developed for all children.
This purpose is accomplished by such efforts as
- providing an enriched and accelerated educational program;
- promoting schoolwide reform through schoolwide programs or through additional services that increase the amount and quality of instructional time;
- significantly upgrading the quality of instruction by providing staff in participating schools with substantial opportunities for professional development; and
- parent involvement-affording parents meaningful opportunities to participate in the education of their children at home and at school.
School Selection/Allocation of Funds
Florence 1 Schools has 15 schoolwide Title 1 schools. Title 1 schools are selected based on informtion received from the March, 135th Day Attendance Count, and the percentage of students who are on free and reduced lunch. Once a poverty index for the district is determined, then the schools are ranked from greatest to least in percent poverty. This allocation is subject to change each year as determined by the number of students receiving free or reduced lunch within each school and/or a change in the district's allocation. These Federal funds may be combined with state, local, and district funds to allow for initiatives that support program and instructional improvements. For example, technology in the form of iPADS, Chromebooks, technology device carts, scanners, in addition to supplies, which may include: paper, pencils, markers, instructional magazines, novel sets, etc...
Each Title 1 school has a school-level planning team. Each team must be assembled in each Title 1 school to give input on the use of all Title 1 expenditures. The required planning team representatives must included, but are not limited to:
- 1 principal
- 2 teachers
- 2 additional staff members
- 2 parents
- 1 student services worker
- 1 district administrator
- 1 technical assistance provider
- 2 community members, and
- if the school is a high school, 1 student
The planning team meets regularly throughout the year to discuss the implementation of the current plan and to decide on changes or addtions to the plan for the upcoming shcool year. The planning team should be given the following for documentation purposes:
- an invitation
- sign-in sheet
The law requies that each Title 1 school conduct a comprehensive needs assessment to identify the needs of the students in an effort to sustain and increase student growth. The planis a reflcetion and indicator of the various asessments, program, and additional data which includes: attendance, reports, teacher surveys, parent surveys, etc.
The following is the purpose of the needs assessment:
- identify strengths and challenges of daily, as well as, standardized assessments
- develop a plan of action to implement progress monitoring in areas of concern
- provide professional development opportunities ot support teachers in best practices
- review and reflcet on trend data as a means of analyzing performance of targeted subgroups
A needs assessment will not only identify areas that need to be addressed by the Title 1 plan, but will act as a basis for building a priorities list on which subsequent plans can be based.
Research-based instruction is included to address the needs of the students within the Title 1 school. Once the areas of greatest need have been determined, research-based strategies are selected. The South Carolina College and Career Ready Standards are used as a basis for deciding which instructional strategies are selected.
Parent and Family Engagement
Parent and family engagement is a requirement of every Title 1 plan. Every Title 1 school receives 1% of the total district allocation for the purpose of improving parent and family engagement at the school level.
At the district level, parent meetings are held bi-annually to develop a parent and family engagement policy, outlining expectations and opportunities for including parents in the education of their children. Parents are included on the planning committee and receive written notification of all activities implemented through Title 1. Parents are also offered the opportunity to give feedback on the plan.
The Office of Federal and State Accountability has allowed each school district access to Title 1 Crate. Title 1 Crate is a web-based, interactive filing system designed to store, monitor and manage ALL of the complicance documentation required to operate a Title 1 school in one convenient place. In addition to Crate, the state department will continue to conduct monitoring visits to district and school sites to ensure schools follow all legal requiements for planning and implementing their Title 1 plans. Each of the activities in the Title 1 plan include documentation to support the implementation of strategies as required by Title 1.